Shiba City of Health
from Design 10 Architecture Studio with Prof. Edgar Stach
The Sheba Medical Center, founded 1948 at Tel HaShomer, is the largest hospital in Israel and ranked as the 10th-best hospital in the world. Sheba has 7,300 healthcare employees and over 1 million patient visits per year. A large proportion of clinical research in Israel is conducted at Sheba. It is the main clinical trial venue for human health scientific studies conducted by the Weizmann Institute of Science. This has led to a strong track record of successful inventions, patented and commercialized, which impacted global healthcare. Sheba is in the process of developing a City of Health for 30,000 habitants on their main campus and is a global leader in the development of telemedicine and the Hospital at Home concept.
Based on a new master plan, TJU students made proposals to improve the urban quality, community integration, and new public transportation access to and throughout the Sheba Medical Campus. Individual design projects include new transportation hubs for a light rail and metro stations, research and conference centers, laboratories, a student complex, and housing and care facilities for the elderly. The urban plan aims to eliminate private cars and surface parking from the campus by providing sufficient below-ground parking, a new automated self-driving public transportation system, and two new welcome buildings as entry points into the hospitals. The urban and environmental concept was to turn parking spaces into parks for healing, recreation, and neighborhood engagement as well as possible sites for future campus expansions.
The new master plan attempts to build more efficient, healthier, and livable environments which facilitate healing, research, education, outreach, and integrative housing across diverse demographic and age groups. This plan spans various disciplines and scales and investigates the intersection of the built environment (urban planning, infrastructure, buildings, recreational spaces), population health (public health, environmental issues), and technology. New wayfinding solutions for patients and visitors from home to the specific location on campus were explored. This new development will affect the entire city as a system and spans buildings, transportation, environment, and infrastructure, to utilities impacting how we live, work, and play in cities.
The studio goal was to foster Interdisciplinary student research collaboration between industrial design, architecture, occupational therapy, and other disciplines. The project offered an opportunity to conduct rigorous research on a multitude of topics, ranging from the urban scale and building scale to the device scale, supported by input from the medical disciplines, psychology, and social sciences. Student projects focused on the following domains: architecture and design, population health, transportation, energy, smart systems and devices, wearable technology, and urban and social ecology.
Mission Statement: Provide mobility for the entire Sheba Medical Center. Rebalance traffic circulation to improve pedestrian right of way.
The City of Health Masterplan connects people to their environment through an interdependent transit system that is fundamentally driven by a cohesive network of green spaces and paths. The future of mobility uses digital infrastructure to facilitate physical and energy infrastructure. Wayfinding relies upon the cooperation of these infrastructures to adequately prepare for future population expansion.
Green urban systems can optimize experience, health, contributions towards clean energy, and the social ecology of Sheba. To align with the principles of a green campus, it is imperative to reduce, and eventually eradicate, the use of private vehicles within the boundaries of the campus. Consequently, all surface parking will be converted to a variety of gardens and parks. Traffic permitted on Sheba’s campus will be limited to pedestrians, bicycles, autonomous self-driving vehicles, Sheba-shuttles, and emergency vehicles, contributing to the success of the proposed green system.
Light Rail Connection
Evelyn Juliano, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Create an elevated connection between the proposed Purple LRT line and Sheba’s campus that provides safe, accessible, and easily understood access.
Located off the far west side of the campus, this proposal acts as a connector for individuals seeking to use the proposed new light rail train station. As the station is 7.3 meters below the first entrance to the hospital and over 200 meters away, this solution acknowledges both horizontal distance and elevation. The bridge is situated so that it is directly in line with the existing main circulation corridor of the hospital. It spans a distance of roughly 80 meters between the campus road and the new proposed road west of the existing campus.
The bridge is part of a three pieced system of itself, a stair path, and a bike path. The stair path falls in line with the crosswalk and is a straight shot up to the hospital campus. The bike bath is north of the bridge and has a consistent slope of 1:20. All three paths converge to a single point at the campus road. Utilizing flooring material, the floor naturally guides visitors into the new visitor center designed by another student. However, the straight extension of the circulation corridor still exists for those who do not necessarily require the assistance of the
Nicholas Agnello, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Create a multifunctional welcome experience to the campus.
With the development of the new light rail transit line to the west of Sheba’s medical campus, a new welcome entrance was necessary for assisting and directing visitors to their various destinations on the campus. The building also serves the aesthetic purpose of being the first thing visitors sees, leaving an impression of organization, order, and friendliness. For the physically impaired and other individuals who do not wish to walk the long distances, autonomous vehicles as well as Sheba shuttles arrive in front of the welcome center, assisting them in arriving to their destination in an organized, efficient manner. This building integrates doctors' office registration kiosks that allow people to sign in when they first enter ensuring that they may be brought right to their doctor when they arrive to their respective building. This method maximizes efficiency and reduces patient wait times. The second floor is accessed by the grand stairs with a lightwell that protrudes through the buildings all the way from the parking-garage below. On the second floor are the multipurpose spaces, which can be used for events such as guest speakers, a Sheba historical museum, a lounge area, and an eatery.
Convention Center and Research Hub
Thomas Marzella & Austin Natkie, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Create a state-of-the-art research building whose innovative architecture creates an optimum framework for world-class health research. Develop a venue which encourages many opportunities for interdisciplinary contact and social interaction while connecting to the general public.
The convention center and research hub are a collection of five building forms all located under one massive roof, adjoined by a surface plaza to the north. One goal of the building is to allow for more green space and an urban campus park through the building’s openness and open air circulation. In addition to making the streets and paths more pedestrian friendly, underneath the facility is a large parking garage which moves surface parking and traffic underground.
Due to the building’s adjacencies to future residential development, the open air layout and distribution of public spaces are meant to support interaction with the community. The more public elements of the building, such as the convention center, are located to the north of the plan towards the plaza. The plaza is completely open and accessible to the residential communities as well. Instead of closing off borders, this buildings proposes new ways to link how a hospital can interact with its surrounding community.
Nikos Fasouletos, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Develop a metro station for the heart of the campus that becomes a threshold between the integrated mobilities of Sheba Medical Center and the local metro
The architecture of the metro is in isolation to the above context even though they are part of a continuous experience for the traveler. To bridge this isolation, this metro design creates a dialogue with the ground level which becomes a threshold between the outside and in. Architectural elements that exist on the ground level (light shafts, water ponds) communicate with the beneath structure and become its daylight and artificial light sources. On the surface the ponds and green landscape elements act as nodes and places where people cluster and socialize. This action resembles the act of healing that cells participate in after a puncture wound. The metro station additionally takes on a bigger role regarding the overall site, as it reaches out and connects to the neighboring buildings.
Medical Research Hub
Kelsey Reeser, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Provide a medical research building that serves as a gateway into the campus, while fostering social interaction between researchers and other medical professionals to redefine the process of thought.
Sheba Medical Center is one of the world’s leading hospitals, offering advanced technology and medicine. Unlike local hospitals, Sheba supports all of Israel and is in need of new infrastructure that supports its growing needs. Currently the site is full of brutalist architecture and lacks green and open space. This proposed medical research building changes the environment by proving more open green space and serving as a social hub between the community, campus, and researchers.
The design integrates its surrounding context and a new hardscape into the design and works to break the barriers between interior/exterior or medicine and research/community. By breaking these barriers, this research building oversees the development of new medicines through labs and clinical trials. It becomes the heart of medical campus fostering a relationship between medicine and the community which ultimately changes the future of medicine for the better.
Anthony Grimaldi, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Create a new entrance into the hospital that serves as a central catalyst for the campus, collecting and transferring data from the other buildings to create a more connected campus. This building will utilize collected and managed data to more efficiently circulate resources, patients, and individuals around the campus.
The Sheba Command Center sits at the heart of the city and uses big data to control the digital realm within Sheba. Being able to track real time information throughout the campus, data analysts are able to quickly detect any problems and develop the correct course of action. Using big data, the goal is to increase efficiency and help sharpen the understanding of the best practices associated with any disease, injury, or illness. Collecting, analyzing, and transferring all of this data not only consumes a lot of energy, but produces it as well. With that in mind the building incorporates different methods to not only lessen the amount of energy required but also harnesses and reuses more energy than it consumes to power itself and the rest of the campus.
University Student Center
Patrick Clark, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Create a student center that supports the future of medicine through education.
Architecture can set places in the world apart from one another. As a rising medical college in Israel, Sheba Medical College should look to make its campus stand out to both potential patients and students/faculty who utilize these spaces. State of the art hospitals and learning spaces must be supported by a space where students can go and complete their daily tasks as well as immerse themselves inside of the campus community. A new student center demonstrates to patients and employees Sheba Medical’s commitment to medicine beyond professional practice and a commitment to teaching the next generation of healthcare providers.
This exploration focuses on origami, kirigami, and ribbons to form an architectural solution. The land was divided into a rectilinear grid which varies in width based on space requirements of the building’s program. The ribbon forms are then cut and folded to create form. The forms are specific to each housed program, such as the sloping required for the theater style seating.
Chris Marucci, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Provide living conditions for the elderly which seek to satisfy not only medical and assisted living, but also mental and physical well-being.
Located within the proactive living community, this facility is an adaptable residential structure. What began as an assisted elderly-living community was reinterpreted as multi-generational due to studies and research proving individuals in multi-generational neighborhoods and facilities were healthier, more active, and happier. When surrounded by individuals of all ages, elderly individuals felt more engaged with their community as they were not isolated within their own age demographic.
The adaptable nature of the design is that the structure is a modular system. The apartments are designed as a component in a system, therefore, the facility can be developed based on the needs of those seeking housing. Major programmatic elements, such as the services and atriums, are the elements that the residential blocks wrap around and provide a base for the design.
Independent Assisted Living
Barry Whitfield, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Provide differently abled users supportive dwelling situations that promotes mental and physical health. The design goal is to identify issues faced by the inhabitants and find design solutions to solve them while promoting a sense of independence and community.
Humans desire independence. Whether it be due to injury, illness, or the natural effects of aging, people’s ability to care for themselves tends to diminish. Too often, those who are unable to care for themselves are taken to an unfamiliar environment in order to receive around-the-clock care. These environments, while well meaning, do not necessarily foster a feeling of independence. This proposed independent assisted living facility is designed with the goal of empowering tenants by creating a living situation that fosters a sense of community and belonging.
Using strategically placed green spaces, patients are pulled out of their rooms to interact and exist with natural elements. Physician housing is located next to the facility, ensuring both independent living and reliable access to assistance when it is required. The living spaces are designed with accessibility in mind, as most of the tenants will be impaired in some capacity.
Richard Jansen, B.ARCH '20
Mission Statement: Design a new insertion into the existing hospital campus that responds to the increase in demand for mental and physical health services as a result of the growing and aging population.
The goal of the project is to design an impactful, holistic Wellness Center for the Sheba Medical Campus. The building is broken into four wings that dictate the types of spaces and correspond to the four concepts of holistic healing (mind, body, spirit, and emotion). This approach includes diet, exercise, psychotherapy, relationship and spiritual counseling, and more. There are also alternative therapies such as aroma, chiropractic care, massage therapy, and naturopathy.
Architecturally, the building features a large central atrium to allow free circulation throughout the building while offering a variety of public social spaces. The central atrium allows natural light to enter the building by creating a “stepping” motion from the second floor to the fourth floor that opens up and creates the building’s western facade. The building consists of two main sun shading elements: wooden louvers that wrap the exposed glazing and a deeper recessed concrete facade. The remainder of the facade consists of stone accent walls that run within the central corridor and white concrete.